Ancestor #3, John Jackson

 

confederate-memorial-finns-point-east-overlooking-burial-trenches

Confederate Memorial  Photo taken by R. Hugh Simmons, Ft. Delaware Society.

It started with a DNA test.

One of my brick walls on my mother’s side (Bobbie Burks Dill Smith) had been Joseph Jackson, born 1849 in Kentucky. All I knew about him was from census records, a marriage record, and his tombstone.  I couldn’t find his parents. There were some young Joseph Jacksons on the 1850 census in the area where he might have been born but I couldn’t be sure who was the correct one.  In his later years, Joseph didn’t appear to live near any other Jacksons who could be family.  I still have not located a death certificate for him and am not sure if he died in Illinois (where he lived on his last census) or in Kentucky (where he is buried).

So when a third cousin who I had been corresponding with, told me he had taken a DNA test at Ancestry.com and had gotten a match to several descendants of a John Jackson Confederate Soldier as a possible father of Joseph, I was a little skeptical.  I wasn’t skeptical of the DNA match but doubted that the Confederate soldier named John Jackson, was the same John Jackson who was the father of my Joseph.  Not long after, I took my own test at Ancestry and sure enough, one of my strongest matches (DNA Circle) was to John Jackson descendants.  Was Joseph’s father really a Confederate Soldier?

This is what I learned about “My John”, the one I found on a census with “My Joseph”.  He was born about 1812 in Kentucky.  He married Catherine Spencer June 10, 1830 in Bullitt County, Kentucky.[1]  He had 11 children, one of them, Joseph, my great grandfather[2].  Four of them (older brothers of Joseph) fought in the Civil War on the Union side.  John was on the 1860 census[3] with his family and listed his occupation as Cooper, but he was nowhere to be found in 1870.[4]

dnacircle

There are 25 members in my DNA circle match to John Jackson. Susie “dnacircle2Sudie” (at right) is my great grandmother. All the yellow lines connect to other DNA matches.  I’ve cut off their names for privacy reasons.

One of the things that troubled me about John was that “My John, would have been about 50 years old when he enlisted. “My John” also had four sons who enlisted on the Union side.[5]

I know that many families were split during the Civil War, so his son’s alliances alone were not enough to make me doubt.  It was his age.  Two genealogy friends of mine who are experts in Confederate records said, “No way would a 50 year old enlist in the Army in 1862.” So I went about trying to find a record of how old the “Soldier John” was.  This was my first real foray into Confederate Service Records.  I had heard they were hard to find and incomplete but I was about to find out just how incomplete they were.

I found the service record for “Soldier John”, on www.fold3.com.  He enlisted September 1, 1862 in Lexington, Kentucky.  He was mustered into Company E, 4th Kentucky Mounted Rifles.  This Company later became 9th Kentucky Mounted Rifles and most of his Service Record is filed under the 9th.  He was captured June 13, 1863 in Bullitt County, Kentucky.  Perhaps he was on his way home.  If so, it must have been especially difficult to be so close to home when he was taken.  Some of his descendants, say that his family may not have ever known what happened to him.

He was received at the military prison in Louisville, Kentucky just two days later and then on the 29th of June he was sent to Camp Chase.  If he had stayed at Camp Chase perhaps his fate would have been different but on July 14, 1863 he was transferred to Ft. Delaware where he died three months later on October 14, 1863.[6]

Unlike the Union service files which I was used to, his age was nowhere to be found. My Union soldier files had the age listed in more than one place.  And there was another problem with the Service Records, “Soldier John” gave his middle initial as either M or N, but “My John” did not include an initial on any other record, census or marriage.

So I contacted Finn’s Point National Cemetery where “Soldier John” is buried.  He is listed on their website under the KY 4th (rather than the 9th) because that is the unit he enlisted with.  He is buried along with other Confederates under the Confederate monument pictured above.

burialjacksonj

Although I received more information and photos from Finn’s Point, they didn’t have an age for him either and the volunteer there told me that the Confederate Conscription Act (16 APR 1862) set age limits at 18 to 35 years and modified this to encompass men 18 to 45 years in September 1862.  But a 49 or 50 year old didn’t seem likely.

So I went back to one of my Civil War expert friends and he said that the Camp Chase records were on http://www.familysearch.org.  They were unindexed but it seemed worth a try.  I settled in for what I thought was going to be a long, several day search, but I found him in less than an hour.  “My John” and “Soldier John” appeared to be one and the same.

jjacksonprisoner

[7]

John (Jno.) is the last visible name on this list.  Notice all the other prisoners on this page were in their twenties, but there is one 49 year old, my third great grandpa, “Soldier John Jackson”.

Still, several questions remain.  Why would a 49 year old with a family to support, run off to join the Confederate Army, especially, since four of his sons had already joined the Union?  Not even his closer descendants knew the whole story.  One of his great great granddaughters, Dorothy F. Gore, stated in a 1999 article in a United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) album[8] that it is not known if his family knew of his fate. A great granddaughter, Mary Lynch Fuchs, said that her great grandmother, Catherine, believed that he did not return home because he had died in the North.  She apparently knew no other details. But that same article also claims that two of his sons fought for the Union and two fought for the Confederacy, while the Union Civil War records clearly show otherwise, that all four fought for the Union.  At least my main mystery is solved.  I now know who Joseph Jackson’s father was and I know that his name is engraved on the North Face of the Confederate Monument at Finn’s Point National Cemetery.  Some day, I hope to visit there.

jackson-john-m-pvt-co-e-4th-ky-mtd-rifles-panel-7-dsc01285

Photo taken by R. Hugh Simmons, Ft. Delaware Society.

[1] Lindstrom, Joyce (compiler), Bullitt County, Kentucky marriages.  p. 23.

[2] 1850 U.S. Census, Bullitt County, Kentucky, household 788, family 788, John Jackson, 30 Aug. 1850, online image, ancestry.com.

[3] 1860 U.S. Census, Bullitt County, Kentucky, household 919, family 924, J. [John] Jackson, 11 Sep. 1860, online image, ancestry.com.

[4] 1870 U.S. Census, Hardinsburg, Breckinridge County, Kentucky, household 12, family 12, [Mother] Jackson, 5 Jul. 1870, online, ancestry.com.

[5] Union Service and Pension records of Benjamin, Hillary, Theodore (Dory), and John T. on ancestry.com.

[6] Jackson, John, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who served in Organizations from the State of Kentucky NARA, card #586957, digital image from microfilm, M319, Record Group 109, Roll 0049, www.fold3.com.

[7] U.S. Records of Prisoners of War, 1861-1865, OH, Camp Chase, Military Prison, Prisoners lists, 1862-1863, v. 58-60.  www.familysearch.org

[8] United Daughters of the Confederacy, Patriot Ancestor Album, Turner Publishing Company, PO BOX 1301, 412 Broadway, Paducah, KY, 42002-3101, c. 1999, page 112, www.books.google.com.

 

Ancestor #2, Sarah “Sally” Giltner Cretsley

Bird's Eye View Of Corning, NY

Post card image from:  https://www.cardcow.com/44700/birds-eye-view-corning-new-york/

Women’s lives are often only documented through their connections to the men in their lives.  This is true of my 3x great grandmother, Sarah (Sally) Giltner. Census records say she was born in either 1804 or 1805 in Broome or Tompkins County, New York. However, both counties were formed from Tioga County after she was born; Broome in 1806, and Tompkins in 1817, so neither is likely correct. The postcard above is a birds eye view of Corning, New York, where she lived most of her life.

She married William Cretsley in Caroline, Tompkins County, New York, on Christmas, Dec. 25th 1824.[1] One would think that starting a marriage on such a joyous day would be good luck but Sarah’s life was anything but lucky.  She and William had 8 known children but on the 1865 New York census, she states there were 10.[2]  So it’s likely she lost two children when they were very young.  At least two other children, including my great great grandmother, Angeline Cretsley Smith, and her husband, William, died before she did.

Her husband owned a farm and property valued at $1,000 in 1850 but one month before he died in 1856, he sold it to his sons for $500.00  Sarah was listed as head of household in 1860 but in 1865, she lived with my great great grandparents, Daniel and Angeline Smith.  Her youngest daughter, Mattie was also with them. She apparently depended on her children for survival the rest of her life.  By 1875, she is living with her daughter, Abigail Johnson and her husband, James. [3]

Sarah’s maiden name was unknown until I found her son, Andrew’s, Civil War pension.  She claimed a mother’s pension when he died at the age of 20.  He was her youngest child and he supported her with his earnings during his short lifetime and afterward with his pension.

sarah1[4]

Sarah’s daughter, Abigail and a neighbor, Simon Van Etten, gave testimony showing why she needed the pension.  She suffered an injury that caused her to lose the use of one of her arms.  sarah2

[5]

It is believed that Francis Giltner and Otelia Yentzer were the parents of Sarah Giltner although no direct evidence has been found to prove this connection.

Francis was a Revolutionary War Patriot.  He joined at the young age of 15 and became a fifer.  Fifers were in the drum and bugle corps and since my father, Robert Smith, was in the drum and bugle corps in the Marines after WWII, I thought it was appropriate to join DAR on this ancestor. Francis left no Will when he died, but I was able to prove Sarah’s connection to him with indirect pieces of evidence that point to Francis Giltner as her father.

Sarah’s own death was foretold in the local paper about a week before it occurred.  Her son-in-law was a well known business man in the community so what happened in his household was apparently news.  In the first clipping, she was identified only as “Mrs. Cretsley”, the mother of Mrs. James Johnson.

cretsleycorningnyj1879clip[6]

After her death, she was identified by her nickname, Sally, not her proper name, Sarah.

drcretsleysally[7]

I’m still missing big pieces of Sarah’s life, what did she look like?  What did she feel about world events, or her young son going off to war?  (She had two other sons who served and survived.)  If it were not for records of her husband, her son’s tragic early death, and the fact that she lived with a well to do son-in-law in her later years, I would know virtually nothing at all.

[1] Andrew W. [Crettsley], Private, Mother’s Application for Pension, 109200, 141st New York, Company D, Civil War Union,  National Archives, certificate 73532, box 32355, bundle 73. Sarah Cretsley, mother.  August 28, 1865.  fold3.com

[2] 1865 New York State Census, Aurelius, Cayuga County, New York, page 59, household 398, family 423, D.B. Smith, with [Sarrah] and Mattie Cretsley, 27 June 1865, FHL film 853200, v. 1.

[3] 1875 New York State Census, Corning, Steuben County, New York, family 305 James Johnson Jr., June 12, 1875, obtained from:  Steuben County Historian, Bath New York, January 2002, by volunteer researcher, Marion Springer.

[4] Andrew W. [Crettsley], Private, Mothers Application for Pension.

[5] Andrew W. [Crettsley], Private, Mothers Application for Pension.

[6] “Mrs Cretsley, the mother of James Johnson…”, Corning Journal, Corning, New York, 2 Jan. 1879.  www.fultonhistory.com

[7] “Deaths, Mrs. Sally Cretsley”, Corning Journal, Corning, New York, 9 Jan 1879.  www.fultonhistory.com

Ancestor #1, Daniel Boone Smith

dbclean(Photo courtesy of my second cousin, Trudy Gauntt.  He is proudly wearing his GAR ribbon.)

Daniel Boone Smith is my great-great grandfather.  He has no relationship to the “real” Daniel Boone, but he was my introduction to my family’s history and thus, he is my Ancestor #1.

I first heard about Daniel Boone Smith in the late 1970’s.  I was sitting at my grandparent’s (Walter Roberts Smith and Mabel Edith Miller) kitchen table in Evansville, IN.  Grandpa was telling me about his Smith family.  Daniel (a.k.a. D.B. because he signed several documents that way) was his grandfather.  He had never met him but he claimed to have some information about him and the rest of the Smith family.

Some of these things turned out to be true.

  1. He was born in England.
  2. Grandpa went to the Mormon Church library in Salt Lake City and looked him up and found him. (Well, he found his name.)
  3. He worked for the U.S. Consulate in Canada.

At least one thing turned out not to be true.

  1. Every Smith born here was sent back to England to go to Oxford. I don’t know where that story came from but no Smith ancestor I could find ever attended Oxford.

It was another twenty years before I became really involved in genealogy.  One of the first emails I ever sent from my dial-up connection to the Internet was to Oxford University to see if D.B. ever attended there.  He didn’t and neither did his son, Charles (who went by C.W.)

In the mean time, I had received several copies of letters from my Dad (Robert Smith’s) sister, Marcia Grabert.  Most were written to my great grandmother Elizabeth (Rees) Smith (C.W’s wife and D.B.’s daughter-in-law).  In that collection there was also a letter from D.B. himself.  I later received another of his letters from one of my Dad’s cousins that was written on stationary from the United States Consulate in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.  So I sent off another dial-up email to the National Archives to see if they had any employment information.

I ended up buying a roll of microfilm that contained dispatches from D.B.’s time as Vice Deputy Consul of the U.S. in Hamilton, Canada.  One of the most important pieces of information I ever received for him was in the roll of microfilm, it was a letter of recommendation, a resume of sorts, to that post.[1]  It contained his life history up to that point.

So I went about trying to prove all the things in the letter.  I was able to verify most of it, but there are still big gaps that I work on from time to time.

ontarioletter

Following the format of the letter, let’s start with his Age:  His birthday was December 11th but I don’t know what year for sure.  This letter says 1830 but other documents say 1827, 28 and 29.  His second marriage was to a younger woman and he suddenly became younger himself.  The death certificate that she filled out and the tombstone she had set for him says he was born in 1835.  This photo is of the footstone from Hamilton Cemetery for Daniel and his young son, Percival who died as an infant.  d-bsheadstone

Nationality:  He was definitely born in England because I have his Naturalization papers[2].  But I wasn’t able to verify that it was Stafford when I visited there in 2011. https://walkerfamilyconnections.wordpress.com/day-5-and-6-stafford/

The letter states that he was born of German parents.  Other documents related to his employment with the government say that he spoke German so it is certainly possible he learned it from his parents but I have only found one document that gives their names and I’m suspicious of it because I haven’t found them on any census, or other record.  The New York Town Clerks Register of Men Who Served in the Civil War says his parents were James Smith and Teresa Fuller. [3]

d-b-cwparents

He says they emigrated when he was 6 weeks old to Allentown, Pennsylvania, “whence he removed after a few years residence to Lebanon in the same state”.  Yet, I can find no likely James and Teresa Smith anywhere in Pennsylvania from 1830-1860.

When we get to his Qualifications, I have a little better luck.  There was a Moravian Academy run by a Mr. and Mrs. Klug in Lancaster (not Lebanon) County, Pennsylvania. [4] The Moravians have no records for the time period but it seems likely that this was the school he was referring to.  When it gets to his college years he is listed as a student in the Alumni Record of Gettysburg College (formerly Pennsylvania College).  It lists him as a “non-graduate” who attended from 1856-59 and says he was from Lebanon.

I could find nothing on his study of medicine but he did own a farm in Aurelius, New York that his wife, my great-great grandmother, Angeline, inherited from her first husband, John Myers.  She is listed in the marriage notice as Angeline T. Myers but her maiden name was Cretsley.

marriagenotice

My great grandfather, Charles William Smith (a.k.a C.W.) was born on the farm in 1864, the year that D.B. joined the service.  The Smiths lived on the farm for only a few years after their marriage selling it for $100 in 1867 to the Myers children.

His military service is well documented.  He enlisted on the 17th of August 1864 and was mustered out in Richmond, Virginia just a year later in June of 1865[5].  Despite his later pride about his service it seems he didn’t see much in the way of battles.  Most of the time he was either sick, or thought be a deserter.  The desertion proved to be false, according to a letter in his pension file[6].  He had an extended leave that hadn’t been recorded.

In the 1865 New York State Census [7], D.B., Angeline, and 1 ½ year old Charles were still living on the farm and Angeline’s mother and younger sister were living with them.  The 1867 Cayuga County Gazetteer and Directory [8] lists Angeline’s name first, with her occupation as farmer.  D.B. is listed as a Merchant Taylor, an occupation he would follow most of the rest of his life.

His move to Jackson, Michigan is verified by the 1870 census.[9]  The local paper contained several ads for his business which apparently he wasn’t very successful with.  In an 1873 ad, he was “All Ablaze” [10] but just two years later, 1875, he was bankrupt[11].

1873dec15-dbsmithallablaze

1875bankruptsale-dbsmith

Sadly, Angeline died from Spinal Meningitis in 1877.[12]  D.B. began selling off her estate not long after.  It appears that the Smiths may have had some money at some point because he had a lot to sell.  Perhaps Angeline inherited some fine things from her first husband, John Myers. [13]

1878dec9-smithsalejacksoncitizenpatriot

He was apparently preparing for his move to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.  I’ve been unable to find why he moved there.  Did he have family there?  Did he know someone?  Was it just the hope of greener pastures?

By the 1881 census he is listed living in Hamilton with his new wife, Rebecca Farmer, who was about 21 years younger than him.[14]  His son, C.W. wasn’t there with him.  The family story is that C.W. ran away at the age of 15 after his father moved to Canada.  That seems to be confirmed by the 1880 U.S. census [15] which shows C.W. at the age of 16 living in Chicago with possible family of his mother.  That’s still to be determined.

By the time of D.B.’s letter of recommendation he had been living in Hamilton for about seventeen years and continued to work in the clothing industry.  He and his son, apparently never saw each other again.  In the letters written to Charles from Daniel, he begs his son to come visit.  But by the time he applied for an increase in his Civil War Pension in 1915, he states that he doesn’t know if his son is alive or dead because he hasn’t heard from him in 18 years.[16]

Daniel Boone Smith died on 9 Dec 1917.  His obituary (which got his middle initial wrong) [17] says he died at home  and leaves his wife and daughter to mourn.  No mention of his son, Charles William.   dbobitclipped

His death certificate[18] says he died in the Hamilton home for the insane and that his cause of death was senility.  Could it have been Alzheimer’s?   It’s possible.  My grandfather, his grandson who first told me about him had the disease.

There is so much more to discover about this man.  Who really were his parents?  Why did they move to this country with a six-week old infant, if in fact they did?  What was the rift between Daniel and his son, Charles that caused them to never see each other again?

I believe that D.B. truly loved his son, and C.W.’s mother, Angeline. In a letter written to his son on 31 August 1895, he wrote in very flowery language about the day they were married.

“The date of your last letter to me completed the period of thirty four years since your deceased mother and I were married, and on the 16th (actually the 9th) of May it was sixteen years since her death. The very moment that my eye caught sight of your letter dated August 26th of the present year, like the suddenness of a lighting flash it carried my mind back to the 26th day of August 1861 with the bright sunshine of that lovely summer morning added to the melody of Nature’s winged songsters and the exhilarating zephyrs from the pure waters of Cayuga Lake, all from without, while within Human Natures breast, there were then hopes and joys, fears and doubts, silver linings tinged somewhat with shading frowns, not lightly, but truly and most solemnly reminding those two souls most deeply interested in that the greatest of all human events or incidents, of the ancient philosopher’s maxim, “act well your own part and all things will be well”. [19]

Daniel Boone Smith may not have always “acted well”, the strained relationship with his son seems to indicate that but I think he tried. There is also a strange set of letters in his National Archives file where he was questioned by a fellow employee and used “strong language” in return, eventually losing his job there.  So not all was “well” with his life.  But I think he lived as well as he could and I continue to be curious about my #1 Ancestor.

[1] 1896 Letter of recommendation for  D.B. Smith to  Vice Consuler position, from C.F. Macdonald, Consul, Consulate of the United States, Hamilton, Ontario,Canada – to W. W Rockhill, Acting Secretary of State. September 24, 1896. NARA Microfilm roll T470 roll 7.

[2] Petition of Daniel B. Smith to become citizen of the United States (Naturalization Petition).  Saturday, October 21st, 1876.  Jackson, Michigan.  p. 502, Obtained from Michigan Historical Center, Box 30740, Lansing, MI  48909-8240.

[3] New York, Town Clerks Register of Men Who Served in the Civil War, ca 1861-1865, Daniel Boone Smith.  Ancestry.com

[4] Ellis, Franklin,. History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1883. Ancestry.com.

[5] New York, Civil War Muster Roll Abstracts for Daniel B Smith. 1861-1900, Ancestry.com.

[6] Daniel Boone Smith, Civil War Union Pension, Company G, 148 New York Infantry, NARA. Photocopy.  Some pages copied at the National Archives, July 2008.

[7] 1865 New York State Census, Aurelius, Cayuga County, New York, page 59, household 398, family 423, [D.B.] Smith, with [Sarrah] & Mattie Cretsley, 27 June 1865, FHL film 853200, V. 1.

[8] Gazetteer and Business Directory of Cayuga County, N.Y. for 1867-8.  Heritage Books, Inc. Bowie, Maryland, reprint 2000.

[9] 1870 U.S. Census, 1st Ward, City of Jackson, Jackson County,  Michigan, p. 137R, line 1, family 85, Daniel B Smith, Ancestry.com.

[10] “Ahead of the Times…D.B. Smith’s Grand Central Clothing Horse, All Ablaze, Not with Fire but with Business”, Jackson Citizen Patriot, Jackson, Michican, 2 Dec, 3 Dec, 15 Dec 1873, Genealogybank.com.

[11] “Closing Out of a Bankrupt Stock, Douglas and Myers purchase DB Smith’s goods”, Jackson Citizen Patriot, Jackson, Michigan, 4 Mar, 5 Mar 1875 (ad ran daily through March), p. 1, Genealogybank.com.

[12] Death Certificate, Angeline Smith, 9 May 1877, Jackson, Michigan, State Office Number 16, Register 117.

[13] “A Rare Opportunity, Executor’s Sale of Household Goods, D.B. and Angeline Smith”, Jackson Citizen Patriot, Jackson, Michigan, 9 Dec 1878, p. 1, Genealogybank.com.

[14] 1881 Canadian Census, Wentworth County, Ontario, Hamilton, District 169, Ward 2, Division 1, p. 62, Smith-line 19, Garner- line 17, Farmer-line 15, LDS Film #1375892.

[15] 1880 U.S. Census, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, ED 94, p262B, Lovejoy, Dock family, Charles W. Smith boarder, 18 June 1880, Ancestry.com.

[16] Daniel Boone Smith, Civil War Union Pension, Company G, 148 New York Infantry, NARA. Photocopy.  Some pages copied at the National Archives, July 2008.

[17] Daniel P. Smith, The Hamilton Spectator, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, December 10, 1917, after p. 10.

[18] Certificate of Registration of Death, Daniel Boone Smith, 9 December 1917, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.  Civil War Union Widow’s Pension file.

[19] 1895 Letter from D. B. Smith to his son C.W. Smith (written on Consulate paper), August 31, 1895, Liz Walker, copy, original owned by Peggy Rymut.

52 Ancestors of 2017

I’m starting off 2017 with a challenge to myself to write a mini-biography of one ancestor, every week of the year.  It’s a 52 ancestor challenge.  I wish I could say I thought of this but the idea is not original to me.  Amy Johnson Crow did it a few years ago and links to many good blogs can be found on Amy’s website. Roberta Estes in her blog, DNAeXplained, has been writing long, detailed, DNA fact-filled essays every week for much longer than 52 weeks.

My main goal is to finally write down in a somewhat organized fashion, what I know about some of my ancestors so that my kids and grandkids will have something to help them understand all the binders on the bookshelf in my study.  Perhaps it will be interesting to others who have ancestors with similar backgrounds.  I know I enjoy reading books and blogs about other families.

I had hoped to get a new ancestor posted every Friday or Saturday, starting on January 6, 2017, but I’m already a bit behind.  I’ll try to catch up!

Liz Walker

The photo above is of the stained glass window that was part of my grandparent’s house (Roy Franklin and Lucy Elizabeth Burks Dill) in Evansville, Indiana.  It was removed and hung in my parent’s house in Florissant, Missouri for several years where this photo was taken.  I have possession of it now but it has not yet been hung in my home.